The heart rate or pulse is the rhythm in which the heart beats for a long time. It is usually measured for one minute.
It should be renowned that the number of pulsations provides relevant information about the patient’s health status. Moreover, it allows the specialist to detect any disease in time.
With the pulsations, the heart pumps blood to the whole body, and the organism receives oxygen and nutrients that favor the proper functioning of the organs.
The heart may beat faster when faced with physical exertion, fear ( adrenaline; speeds up the heart rate to provide energy), or in response to an emotional problem.
What is the Recommended Pulse Level?
Because the heart rate can vary due to several factors, it is necessary to know the correct level of average heart rate at rest, in an adult person, and when doing physical exercises, among others. Therefore, we will analyze these aspects later.
Average Heart Rate At Rest
The resting heart rate is often different in patients of different ages. For example, during the first months of life it is usually accelerated in childhood. After that, however, it gradually decreases.
Therefore, we cannot be categorical in indicating only one quantity for all patients. Below is a table with the average resting heart rate based on age.
Age Resting heart rate
Newborns up to one month of life 70 – 190ppm
From 12 to 24 months 80 – 130ppm
From 3 to 4 years 80 – 120ppm
One to 11 months , 80 – 160ppm
From 5 to 6 years 75 – 115ppm
From 7 to 9 years 70 – 110ppm
Children and adults over ten years of age, including the elderly. 60 – 100ppm
well-trained athletes 40 – 60ppm
Of course, although this is the approximate heart rate range in one minute in healthy patients, it can vary depending on emotional responses, body position, medications, and other factors.
It should be noted that the heart rate in athletes or sportspeople is usually lower. This is because the heart improves its physical condition after regular workouts. Therefore, you need to work less to provide oxygen and nutrients to the body.
On the other hand, if a patient records 60 beats per minute but is not an athlete (exercises regularly), they may be experiencing bradycardia. Generally, the person experiences dizziness, shortness of breath, and even fainting. You need to consult a doctor.
Heart Rate During Exercise
The heartbeat often speeds up during exercise, and this is because the body needs the energy to be able to perform well. In this sense, there is an adequate margin of rhythm.
The heart cannot exceed the maximum limits of beats per minute, as the patient may experience adverse effects such as dizziness or neck discomfort. Therefore, regular exercise (cardiovascular training) is recommended before subjecting the body to intense workouts.
The goal heart zone is the board heart. It should not be exceeded. The AHA – American Heart Association – has indicated that the rhythm must be 220 ppm less than the person’s age.
Learning the values of the tables we have given can seem very difficult; therefore, a very good trick to know the ideal heart is to subtract the age from 220, which is the perfect maximum number of beats.
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